The Research Administration Management System and electronic Submission, or RAMSeS is the official online proposal routing, submission, tracking and award management system used by The University of North Carolina General Administration. Used by nearly all the schools in the UNC system, this system is used to create and manage all sponsored projects for the University. What was once a paper-based process, which involved acquiring written signatures from authorized University officials, now is an entirely electronic process in which proposals can be routed across the University and thereby proposals can be reviewed and authorized anywhere that has an internet connection. This allows both researchers and research administrators to manage research more efficiently and effectively than was possible before. RAMSeS integrates both departmental research administration and The Office of Sponsored Programs with The Office of Contracts and Grants, The Office of Research Compliance, The Office of Innovation Commercialization, and Community Engagement, to allow a greater amount of collaboration as each proposal is processed and each award is received.